VSM (Video Self Modelling)
Video Self Modelling (VSM) is an emerging, very exciting evidence-based intervention. It involves creating a short video using simple videoing and editing techniques that shows the subject themselves performing a skill that is just out of reach, but which is potentially reachable. VPM (Video Peer Model) videos show peers performing a skill positively framed, which in turn instigates a change in the group’s behaviour/skill. This can also be extended to entire school cohorts, and has been evidentially successful across schooling systems in Victoria. Research by Dr Peter Dowrick has shown that VSM can be a successful intervention in greater than 80% of cases with only 12 minutes of intervention time.
VSM has been around and researched since the 1970's, however, it is only now emerging as a very practical, effective and accessible tool to teach children and adults with special needs. With videoing and editing technology literally accessible in every-bodies pockets and handbags, via smart phones and ipads, it is time for VSM to be taken seriously as an effective,positive tools to improve the lives of people living with Special needs.
1. What sort of things is VSM good for?
VSM has successfully been used to teach skills such as:-
social skills such as sharing, how to play with other children, waiting for a turn, staying with the group, walking with an adult,
play skills such as how to use toys, eg trains, dolls and tea sets,
self care skills such toileting grooming, hand washing, face washing, shaving, teeth brushing.
daily living skills such as dressing, using cutlery, sitting at the table,
communication skills such as speech, using communication devices and learning sign language
self regulation skills such as self calming, waiting, asking for a break, asking for help, coping with separation and change.
physical skills such as climbing stairs, riding a bike, using scissors, walking with a support frame, swimming, playing with balls, dancing.
The possibilities are endless. VSM could also be used with elite athletes, stoke victims, rehabilitation, mental health and aged care, to name a few. Basically any individual or group that could benefit from seeing an expected behavior, learn a new skill, or improve on a skill. Elite athletes such as divers, swimmers and basketball players have all reaped the benefits of VSM in their performance.
2. What sort of people does VSM have success for?
VSM has been highly success with people of various ages and abilities. It has been used for very young children aged 3, adults up to elderly people and stoke victims.
VSM is particularly suitable for people with Autism and intellectual or developmental disabilities. Extensive research has be done with Autism and VSM in USA.
Anthea has successfully used VSM with students with Down's syndrome, Autism, Angelmans Syndrome, developmental delays, Cerebral Palsy, and intellectual disabilities.
As long as a person can recognize themselves in a mirror, it is worth trying VSM with them.
Interestingly, even if the person in the video knows it is a VSM and not an actual event, the changes still happen, the brain still recognizes it and accommodates new learning.
3. How long does a VSM take to work?
Research and experience has shown that some change in behavior should be noticeable within the first 3 views of a VSM. That's less than 6 minutes of intervention time. The real skill in making a successful VSM is in knowing what video to make and pitching it right for the person it is made for. If no change is noticeable after a week of viewing, the VSM itself needs to be reviewed as it may be unsuitable, pitched too high, or just not simple and clear enough for the learner.
4. What should a VSM be about?
A VSM is usually about 1 of 2 things. Either a new skill you want to teach, or a replacement behavior that you want to introduce to prevent a challenging behavior from occurring, The success of the VSM depends on the suitability of what it will be about. A VSM can ONLY show positive behaviors. If you want to teach a student to NOT do something, the VSM needs to be about what it is you DO want them to do. This is called the replacement behavior. For example, if a child is screaming in frustration, a VSM may be about how the child can ask for help and take a break,
5. How long should a VSM be?
A VSM should be no longer than 2 minutes long. Some of the most successful VSM's have been less than 1 minute long.
6. How often should the VSM be watched?
A VSM should be watched 1-2 times a day for a couple of weeks. If the video is requested there is o harm in watching it more. Each view is further re-enforcing the learning.
7. What equipment do I need to make a VSM?
It is not necessary to purchase expensive video equipment to make a VSM. It can be done very simply on an i-pad, i-phone or smart phone.You will need an editing App such as i-movie. The beauty of VSM is that it is simple to make and we all have the equipment needed in our pockets or handbags.
TUTORIALS ABOUT VSM
SAMPLE VIDEOS - VSM
VSM Sample Self Calming
VSM Sample Sharing Toys